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Home / Research / Consequences

Research: Consequences

This area features research on the consequences of violence against women, exploring the challenges that may arise from trauma and the capacity for resiliency exhibited by survivors. Resources offer a variety of ways in which victims’ health and well-being may be impacted by abuse, and explore opportunities for prevention and early intervention.

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July 2015
This paper provides an update to Mary Gilfus’ (2002) publication on the pathways from victimization to incarceration among women and girls, based on the relevant research published in the past 12 years. This research provides additional findings about the extent of victimization experienced by women and girls under correctional control, and a deeper understanding of the ways in which experience of victimization can lead to incarceration.
Authors: Melissa E. Dichter in consultation with Sue Osthoff
March 2013
This Applied Research paper reviews the sociohistorical context of Black women’s sexual victimization, the characteristics of Black rape survivors and their experiences, and the risk factors that elevate Black women’s vulnerability to rape and consequences thereof. Culturally sensitive techniques to promote resilience are offered.
Authors: Carolyn M. West and Kalimah Johnson
December 2012
This Applied Research paper provides research findings concerning violence against pregnant and postpartum women, discusses some of the strengths and limitations of these studies, and concludes with comments concerning the implications of this work for practice and research.
Authors: Sandra L. Martin, Jennet Arcara, and McLean D. Pollock
Updated July 2011
This document reviews the new research, policies, and programs focused on children who have witnessed adult domestic violence. It argues that the diversity of children’s experiences requires equally diverse responses from those who serve them.
Authors: Jeffrey Edleson In consultation with Barbara Nissley
September 2009
This Applied Research paper reviews the empirical research on the behaviors, traits, developmental experiences, and biological antecedents that have been found to be associated with an increased probability that a male will become sexually aggressive.
Authors: Raymond A. Knight and Judith Sims-Knight with contributions from Suzanne Brown-McBride
August 2009
This Applied Research paper reviews the definition, evolution, and utilization of ìbattered woman syndromeî in the courts and offers a critique of its framework and its use.
Authors: Mary Ann Dutton With contributions from Sue Osthoff and Melissa Dichter
August 2009
This Applied Research paper presents an overview of the uses of expert testimony, the qualifications and roles of experts, the literature on the use of testimony on the effects of battering, and considerations for future research.
Authors: Kathleen J. Ferraro and NoÎl Bridget Busch-Armendariz
June 2009
This Applied Research paper provides a brief overview of research on the impact of sexual violence on females’ high-risk health behaviors and reproductive health, focusing on studies of sexual assault or rape experienced primarily during adulthood.
Authors: Sandra L. Martin and Rebecca J. Macy With contributions from Janice A. Mirabassi
March 2006
"This document describes current research findings on the effects of childhood and adulthood sexual victimization on women's mental health. Existing data on understudied communities and risk factors for mental health problems are discussed."
Authors: Nicole P. Yuan, Mary P. Koss, and Mirto Stone
February 2006
This document provides a brief overview of the research on lifetime exposure to violence and the long-term health consequences of violence. It also examines how assessment for lifetime exposure to violence can create a pathway to prevention.
Authors: Linda Chamberlain with contributions from Peggy Brown