Studies on women in shelters suggest that their most significant child-related needs include counseling of their children, information about normal child development and parenting, and support and insight about children's behavior (Grasley, Richardson, & Harris, 2000; Henderson, Ericksen, & Ogden, 1997; Struthers, 2002).
NOTE: All content for the materials, tools, resources, and services utilized by each of the demonstration projects, as listed below, are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
California - New Beginnings
Second Step Curriculum: Social-Emotional Skills for Early Learning
This recently revamped, research-based program builds critical social and school-readiness skills of young children. The revised Second Step early learning program is designed specifically for multiple-age early learning classrooms. The program is taught through 28 weekly themes, consisting of short activities to be done throughout the week. The activities build on each other to develop children's self-regulation skills and social-emotional competence.
Colorado - The Alliance
Short Form Parenting Stress Index (PSI)
For parents of children age 1 month to 12 years, the PSI is a parent self-report questionnaire, designed to identify potentially dysfunctional parent-child systems and predict children's future psychosocial adjustment and then focus intervention in high stress areas. The PSI is designed to identify stressful areas in parent-child interactions, and has been recently updated with new forms which are easier to score and easier to profile.
Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC), ages 3-12
The TSCYC is a 90-item caretaker-report instrument with separate norms for males and females in three age groups: 3-4 years, 5-9 years, and 10-12 years. Caretakers rate each symptom on a 4-point scale according to how often the symptom has occurred in the previous month.
Trauma Symptom Check List for Children (TSCC), ages 8-16
The TSCC is a self-report measure of posttraumatic stress and related psychological symptomatology in children ages 8-16 years who have experienced traumatic events (e.g., physical or sexual abuse, major loss, natural disaster, witnessing violence). The TSCC is suitable for individual or group administration.
Child Behavioral Check List (CBCL), ages 1.5 to 5
The CBCL for ages 1.5 to 5 obtains parents' ratings of 100 problem items; plus descriptions of problems, disabilities, what concerns parents most about their child, & the best things about the child. The CBCL obtains parents' reports of children's expressive vocabularies & word combinations, plus risk factors for language delays.
Child Behavioral Check List (CBCL), ages 6-18
The CBCL for ages 6-18 obtains parents ratings of 120 problem items; plus descriptions of problems, disabilities, what concerns parents most about their child, & the best things about the child.
Michigan - Kids Exposed
Trauma Intervention Program for Children and Adolescents (TIPCA)
The TIPCA is a comprehensive, research-based program that provides 8-sessions of structured, sensory interventions for children and adolescents and a component for parents of traumatized children. Researched in school & agency settings, this program has been shown to significantly reduce trauma reactions. Included in the curriculum are 2 manuals; 2 workbooks; the TLC booklets, You Are Not Alone, A Trauma is Like No Other Experience, What Parents Need to Know; assessment tools; and other supportive materials.
Adults and Parents in Trauma: Learning to Survive: Trauma Intervention Program
This resource contains assessment tools, checklists, cognitive reframing statements, healing benchmarks, secondary victimization, survivor plan, worry activities, survivor activities and After the Violence video.
2011 TLC Resource Guide: With New and Revised Resources
An 8-page listing of Tools Leading to Change as developed and offered by the National Institute for Trauma and Loss in Children.
Oklahoma - Oklahoma's Collaborative Children's Services Project
How to Implement Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT)
Developed by the SAMHSA-funded National Child Traumatic Stress Network's (NCTSN) Sexual Abuse Task Force, this model was initially developed to address trauma associated with child sexual abuse and has more recently been adapted for use with children who have experienced a wide array of traumatic experiences, including multiple traumas. Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) is a components-based psychosocial treatment model that incorporates elements of cognitive-behavioral, attachment, humanistic, empowerment, and family therapy models. TF-CBT is recognized as being one of the most effective interventions for children who have significant psychological symptoms related to trauma exposures. This TF-CBT Implementation Manual is for therapists, clinical supervisors, program administrators, and other stakeholders who are considering the use of TF-CBT for traumatized children in their communities.
Oregon - Open Arms Project
At Looking Glass, all efforts are focused on the singular mission to build a better future for youth and families by helping them navigate the challenges of childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. Looking Glass Youth and Family Services offers a range of programs and services that may be creatively combined to serve teenagers and their families. Highly qualified mental health professionals evaluate each young person's needs and recommend programs and resources to help the teen and the whole family. Services are coordinated, re-evaluated and adjusted as each young person moves toward health and wellbeing. Programs include counseling, adolescent recovery program (for substance abusing youth), crisis response, runaway and homeless services (including emergency shelter, transitional and independent living services for homeless youth, and support services for assistance with food, clothing, etc.), alternative education options and residential services.
2011 TLC Resource Guide: With New and Revised Resources
At the core of the Relief Nursery is the belief in focusing on, and building upon, the strength of each individual family. A wide array of support services, with research-based principles embedded throughout, are provided; always with a respect for the diversity of the families served and while recognizing the changing needs of families. From crisis response, to therapeutic classrooms, to alcohol and drug recovery support, staff work to keep children in the community safe from abuse and neglect. Through its state, national and international replication efforts Relief Nursery is a leader in child abuse prevention. Additional program details are listed below.
- Therapeutic Early Childhood Program: Helping Children Reach Their Potential
The Relief Nursery Therapeutic Early Childhood Program provides a unique combination of individualized classroom and home-based developmental experiences for children 0-6 years of age. All aspects of the program focus on the specific issues of children from multi-stressed families who have experienced trauma, abuse, stress, or are at-risk for such experiences.
- Accessing Success: Drug and Alcohol Recovery Support
Accessing Success is a recovery support program, integrated with all other Relief Nursery programs, for families with substance abuse issues. Accessing Success provides drug and alcohol intake services, counseling, anger management classes, parenting classes, peer support, childcare, transportation, and social skill activities to help parents achieve and maintain recovery.
- Counseling Services: Helping Families Through Therapy
The mental health counseling services provided at the Relief Nursery assist young children and their families in working with behaviors that could result in more serious problems before the child reaches elementary school. Qualified Mental Health Professionals provide comprehensive mental health services through family therapy and child therapy, as well as networking with other mental health agencies in the area.