Rebecca Campbell Content Topic Results https://vawnet.org/ en The Detroit Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Action Research Project (ARP) https://vawnet.org/material/detroit-sexual-assault-kit-sak-action-research-project-arp <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Detroit Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Action Research Project (ARP)</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" about="/user/berdman" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">berdman</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Fri, 02/05/2021 - 09:16</span> <div class="field field--name-field-material-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item">General Material</div> <div class="field__item">Training Tools</div> </div> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="flag.link_builder:build" arguments="0=node&amp;1=11849&amp;2=bookmark" token="Ye3ijD3gdH0WOv_aWas4lKjK_3VThGBgSd0Ff13Ld08"></drupal-render-placeholder> <div class="field field--name-field-published-date field--type-datetime field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Published Date</div> <div class="field__item">October, 2015</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Publisher(s)</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/taxonomy/term/4734" hreflang="en">Battered Women&#039;s Justice Project (BWJP)</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-author field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Author(s)</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/author/rebecca-campbell" hreflang="en">Rebecca Campbell</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/author/kimberly-hurst" hreflang="en">Kimberly Hurst</a></div> </div> </div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_20 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://vawnet.org/material/detroit-sexual-assault-kit-sak-action-research-project-arp" data-a2a-title="The Detroit Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Action Research Project (ARP)"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_linkedin"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fvawnet.org%2Fmaterial%2Fdetroit-sexual-assault-kit-sak-action-research-project-arp&amp;title=The%20Detroit%20Sexual%20Assault%20Kit%20%28SAK%29%20Action%20Research%20Project%20%28ARP%29"></a></span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>This webinar discusses the Detroit Sexual Assault Kit Action Research Project, which was formed to study the underlying reasons why police were not submitting rape kits for testing, and to develop evidence-based testing plans. In this presentation, presenters describes how and why Detroit discovered many untested SAKs. They also discuss the results of the 1,595 untested SAKs and proposes policy changes at the local, county, and state level that stemmed from these research findings. <span lang="EN" style="font-size:12.0pt" xml:lang="EN"><span style="line-height:115%"><span style="font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif"><span style="color:#231f20"> </span></span></span></span></p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-associated-links field--type-link field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Associated Links</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="https://www.bwjp.org/resource-center/resource-results/detroit-sexual-assault-kit-research-project.html" target="_blank">The Detroit Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Action Research Project (ARP)</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-material-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Material Categories</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/materials/criminal-justice" hreflang="und">Criminal Justice</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/materials/sexual-violence" hreflang="und">Sexual Violence</a></div> </div> </div> Fri, 05 Feb 2021 14:16:46 +0000 berdman 11849 at https://vawnet.org The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs https://vawnet.org/material/effectiveness-sexual-assault-nurse-examiner-sane-programs <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Wed, 12/10/2014 - 16:12</span> <div class="field field--name-field-material-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item">NRCDV Publications</div> <div class="field__item">General Material</div> </div> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="flag.link_builder:build" arguments="0=node&amp;1=6983&amp;2=bookmark" token="2_gtNukGKVmUNP8peRyXGC8dPquL0RUYNS4bMb3DRkg"></drupal-render-placeholder> <div class="field field--name-field-published-date field--type-datetime field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Published Date</div> <div class="field__item">November, 2004</div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Publisher(s)</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/publisher/vawnet-national-online-resource-center-violence-against-women" hreflang="en">VAWnet: The National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/publisher/national-resource-center-domestic-violence-nrcdv" hreflang="en">National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV)</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-author field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Author(s)</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/author/rebecca-campbell" hreflang="en">Rebecca Campbell</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/author/renae-diegel" hreflang="en">Renae Diegel</a></div> </div> </div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_20 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://vawnet.org/material/effectiveness-sexual-assault-nurse-examiner-sane-programs" data-a2a-title="The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_linkedin"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fvawnet.org%2Fmaterial%2Feffectiveness-sexual-assault-nurse-examiner-sane-programs&amp;title=The%20Effectiveness%20of%20Sexual%20Assault%20Nurse%20Examiner%20%28SANE%29%20Programs"></a></span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>Rape survivors who seek post-assault health care and medical forensic evidence collection from emergency rooms often do not receive basic services, wait long hours, and have evidence collection conducted by personnel that lack training and experience. Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs were created to alleviate these problems. This paper presents a brief summary of the structure and functions of SANE programs as they currently exist in the United States, and then reviews the empirical research literature on the effectiveness of SANE programs in three domains: psychological recovery of victims, forensic evidence collection and prosecution rates. This paper concludes with summary recommendations for future research and practice issues to help develop the most effective, evidence-based practices.</p> <p>Because traditional medical care often leaves survivors feeling "re-raped," SANE programs have sought to provide care in an empowering setting that addresses survivors' emotional and medical needs. Although emotional care is a primary goal of SANE programs, there have been few studies that have systematically evaluated the psychological impact of SANE programs. The available literature is limited, but suggests that rape survivors perceive SANE nurses as helpful and supportive.</p> <p>Another founding goal for many SANE programs was to improve the quality of forensic evidence collection relative to the methods traditionally used in hospital emergency departments.</p> <p>The clinical case study literature suggests that SANE nurses are not only competent in forensic evidence collection, but they are actually better at it because of their extensive training and experience. Yet, clinical case reports, though remarkably consistent in their conclusions, do not provide definitive evidence of the effectiveness of SANE nurses in forensic evidence collection. &amp; Empirical studies that directly compare the evidence collected by SANE nurses and physicians on objective criteria would better inform the debate over whether nurses are competent medical forensic examiners. To date, there have been only two such comparative studies conducted in the United States. Both studies found support for better evidence collection by SANE nurses. However, it is important to note that training and experience, not job title or professional degree, are the likely reasons behind these findings.</p> <p>Finally, by meticulously documenting injuries and physical evidence, it is possible that SANE programs may increase prosecution rates in their communities. As with the literature on the quality of forensic exams, case studies suggest that SANE programs increase prosecution. To date, there has been only one study that included a direct comparison of legal outcomes for SANE cases versus non-SANE cases and found strong evidence that prosecution of sexual assault cases was higher in SANE cases.</p> <p>From this body of work, it appears that SANE programs are having beneficial effects on rape survivors' psychological well-being and they are improving the prosecution rates of sexual assault crimes. However, such conclusions are tentative because most published studies have not included adequate methodological controls or comparisons to rigorously test the effectiveness of SANE programs. To address these research and practice needs, it is important that researchers and SANE program practitioners develop strong collaborative relationships.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-associated-files field--type-file field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Associated Files</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><table data-striping="1"> <thead> <tr> <th>Attachment</th> <th>Size</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <tr class="odd"> <td> <span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf"> <a href="https://vawnet.org/sites/default/files/materials/files/2016-09/AR_SANE.pdf" type="application/pdf; length=61993" title="AR_SANE.pdf">The Effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs</a></span> </td> <td>60.54 KB</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-material-categories field--type-entity-reference field--label-above"> <div class="field__label">Material Categories</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/materials/coordinated-community-response" hreflang="und">Coordinated Community Response</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/materials/core-competencies" hreflang="und">Core Competencies</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/materials/healthcare" hreflang="und">Healthcare</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/materials/health-public-health" hreflang="und">Health / Public Health</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/materials/sexual-violence" hreflang="und">Sexual Violence</a></div> </div> </div> Wed, 10 Dec 2014 21:12:18 +0000 Anonymous 6983 at https://vawnet.org Research Proposal Application and Evaluation Forms https://vawnet.org/material/research-proposal-application-and-evaluation-forms <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Research Proposal Application and Evaluation Forms</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Fri, 08/08/2014 - 15:29</span> <div class="field field--name-field-material-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item">General Material</div> </div> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="flag.link_builder:build" arguments="0=node&amp;1=3642&amp;2=bookmark" token="WXD8UzXQv_wdI1nOjte23ESKZRut7fKaveCBhzieV40"></drupal-render-placeholder> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Publisher(s)</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/publisher/center-research-violence-against-women" hreflang="en">Center for Research on Violence Against Women</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-author field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Author(s)</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/author/carol-e-jordan" hreflang="en">Carol E. Jordan</a></div> <div class="field__item"><a href="/author/rebecca-campbell" hreflang="en">Rebecca Campbell</a></div> </div> </div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_20 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://vawnet.org/material/research-proposal-application-and-evaluation-forms" data-a2a-title="Research Proposal Application and Evaluation Forms"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_linkedin"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fvawnet.org%2Fmaterial%2Fresearch-proposal-application-and-evaluation-forms&amp;title=Research%20Proposal%20Application%20and%20Evaluation%20Forms"></a></span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>The Research Proposal Application Form can be completed by the researcher and includes detailed instructions and general policies.&amp; The Research Proposal Evaluation Form can be used internally by the organization to evaluate the proposal.</p> </div> Fri, 08 Aug 2014 19:29:56 +0000 Anonymous 3642 at https://vawnet.org Mental Health Services for Rape Survivors: Current Issues in Therapeutic Practice https://vawnet.org/material/mental-health-services-rape-survivors-current-issues-therapeutic-practice <span class="field field--name-title field--type-string field--label-hidden">Mental Health Services for Rape Survivors: Current Issues in Therapeutic Practice</span> <span class="field field--name-uid field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden"><span lang="" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">Anonymous (not verified)</span></span> <span class="field field--name-created field--type-created field--label-hidden">Fri, 08/15/2014 - 10:44</span> <div class="field field--name-field-material-type field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field__items"> <div class="field__item">General Material</div> </div> <drupal-render-placeholder callback="flag.link_builder:build" arguments="0=node&amp;1=4014&amp;2=bookmark" token="M31vSB0rP8U3tVFkKEFLA5McDeZHcg8m3wwJsjG8Th4"></drupal-render-placeholder> <div class="field field--name-field-publisher field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Publisher(s)</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/publisher/violence-against-women-online-resources" hreflang="en">Violence Against Women Online Resources</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-author field--type-entity-reference field--label-inline clearfix"> <div class="field__label">Author(s)</div> <div class="field__items"> <div class="field__item"><a href="/author/rebecca-campbell" hreflang="en">Rebecca Campbell</a></div> </div> </div> <span class="a2a_kit a2a_kit_size_20 addtoany_list" data-a2a-url="https://vawnet.org/material/mental-health-services-rape-survivors-current-issues-therapeutic-practice" data-a2a-title="Mental Health Services for Rape Survivors: Current Issues in Therapeutic Practice"><a class="a2a_button_facebook"></a><a class="a2a_button_twitter"></a><a class="a2a_button_linkedin"></a><a class="a2a_dd addtoany_share" href="https://www.addtoany.com/share#url=https%3A%2F%2Fvawnet.org%2Fmaterial%2Fmental-health-services-rape-survivors-current-issues-therapeutic-practice&amp;title=Mental%20Health%20Services%20for%20Rape%20Survivors%3A%20Current%20Issues%20in%20Therapeutic%20Practice"></a></span> <div class="clearfix text-formatted field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden field__item"><p>It reports on current research suggesting that victims experience a variety of negative mental health effects from sexual assault, including post-traumatic stress symptoms. It describes how rape survivors may struggle with how family and friends are reacting to the assault and may have to cope with secondary victimization experiences they encounter in some post-rape help seeking. It highlights a wide variety of issues rape survivors may present in therapy. For example, <em>"victims may need to process not only the rape itself, but also post-rape experiences with their informal and formal support providers."</em></p> <p>It summarizes that <em>"empirical evaluations of therapeutic techniques suggest that cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) can be effective in reducing short-term post-rape fear and anxiety symptoms."</em> It also describes the focuses of some Feminist therapies and reports that data suggests that feminist therapy may be an effective approach as well.</p> <p>It reports that it is <em>"not uncommon that mental health practitioners who work with rape survivors experience distressing emotions similar to those of the survivors. These symptoms are called secondary traumatic stress (STS), compassion fatigue (CF), or vicarious traumatization (VT). STS/CF/VT is more common among therapists with higher caseloads of sexually traumatized clients."</em> It mentions some self care strategies for therapists to try.</p> <p>Points to consider when using this material:</p> <ul> <li>The piece cites two studies to state that <em>"Not suprisingly, most victims exhibit high levels of psychological distress in the first week after the rape. This distress peaks in severity three weeks post-assault, continues at high levels of for one to two more months before finally abating two to three months post-assault."</em> It is important to note that the timeframes in which individual survivors experience or express trauma, grief, or other "psychological distress" can vary considerably from individual to individual and some survivors will naturally experience timelines considerably different from what the piece describes. For example, experiences of psychological distress may continue off and on for years or may resurface and be retriggered by anniversaries or other situations.</li> </ul> </div> Fri, 15 Aug 2014 14:44:35 +0000 Anonymous 4014 at https://vawnet.org