The reproductive justice framework is a distinct approach that builds upon reproductive health and reproductive rights, introducing an inter-sectional theory that underscores how race, class, and gender affect individual’s and community’s equitable access to resources. The reproductive justice movement addresses reproductive oppression and focuses on organizing women, girls and their communities to challenge structural power inequalities.
These resources provide a broad and detailed explanation of reproductive justice and give an overview of the history of the movement.
"Reproductive Justice posits that the ability of any woman to determine her own reproductive destiny is directly linked to the conditions in her community and these conditions are not just a matter of individual choice and access. Reproductive justice is an intentional impulse to shape the competing ideals of equality and the social reality of inequality. Reproductive justice points out the inequality of opportunity in controlling our reproductive destiny."
This article outlines linkages between reproductive oppression, women of color, and communities of color. Statistics are included.
This Reproductive Justice 101 interactive timeline - from 1654 onward - is a great tool for starting dialogues within organizations about the issue. Printed in both English and Spanish, this Timeline identifies various policies and practicesÑfrom slavery to anti-miscegenation legislation to birth control testing to immigration lawsÑthat have had a compounding impact of reproductive oppression on marginalized communities.
It includes excerpts from 'Undivided Rights: Women of Color Organize for Reproductive Justice' and examines how, starting within their communities, these womenÑLatina, African American, Native American, and Asian AmericanÑhave spearheaded the fight for jurisdiction over their own bodies and reproductive destinies. The authors address the wider needs of their communities, stressing the urgent need for innovative strategies that push beyond the traditional base and goals of the mainstream pro-choice movementÑstrategies that are broadly inclusive while being specifically effective.
Abstract: "An internationally agreed conceptual definition of reproductive health is applied to the development and testing of practical indicators for use in the community. Basic criteria are proposed for an interview-based tool to measure reproductive health Ñ as opposed to morbidity or mortality Ñ adapting methods from the health status measurement field. Proposed domains and indicators linked to the definition of reproductive health adopted at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) should be comparable across and within diverse populations.
This web page provides justification for the human right to reproductive health based on international agreements and treaties. It outlines excerpts from these treaties that are relevant to ensure reproductive rights.
"Reproductive rights activists in the United States underutilize the global human rights framework. This is largely because many are unfamiliar with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and international treaties that protect women's reproductive rights. Reproductive justice advocates should become familiar with the human rights obligations of the U.S. government... Eight Categories of Human Rights: Civil, Political, Economic, Social, Cultural, Environmental, Developmental and Sexual."
A New Vision for Advancing Our Movement for Reproductive Health, Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Justice
This article defines reproductive oppression; outlining and providing the three main frameworks to achieve reproductive justice. It describes the problem, the strengths and weaknesses of the struggle, and gives direction and vision for the movement.
This is the expanded and updated version of the book. The idea and original edition was developed in collaboration with many people in preparation and for distribution at the 2007 U.S. Social Forum in Atlanta.
Reproductive Health of Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Women: Examining Unintended Pregnancy, Contraception, Sexual History and Behavior, and Non-Voluntary Sexual Intercourse
This report presents baseline information on pregnancies, births, sexual history and behavior, contraceptive use, non-voluntary sex, and unintended pregnancy among urban American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women nationwide.