• Adult Children Exposed to Domestic Violence
  • Runaway & Homeless Youth Toolkit
  • Prevent Intimate Partner Violence
  • Violence Against Women Resource Library
  • Domestic Violence and Housing Technical Assistance Consortium
  • Domestic Violence Awareness Project
  • National Resource Center on Domestic Violence


 Create an account to save and access your bookmarked materials anytime, anywhere.

  create account  |   login

An Online Resource Library on Gender-Based Violence.

Fact Sheet: Distinctions Between Human Smuggling and Human Trafficking

General Material


  • 'Explains the differences between human smuggling and human trafficking.' (3)
  • Outlines statutory differences between smuggling and trafficking, citing The Immigration and Nationalization Act and the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (TVPA)
  • Human smuggling typically encompasses a criminal commercial transaction between two willing parties, who go their separate ways once their business is complete. (4)
  • Human trafficking involves trafficking of persons for the 'purpose of committing commercial sex acts, or to subject them to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.' (4)
  • Explains human trafficking as criminal exploitation with the intent to profit from that exploitation and involves elements of force, fraud, and coercion. (4)
  • Includes a few case examples