Spouse Assault Replication Program:
- Sponsored by the National Institute of Justice.
- Attempts to replicate the Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment (Sherman and Berk, 1984).
Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment:
- Employed randomization to compare the effectiveness of different police responses to domestic violence.
- Findings: arrest was almost twice as effective as other police actions in reducing recidivism.
- Done in Omaha, Charlotte, Milwaukee, Metro-Dade (Florida), Colorado Springs, and Atlanta from 1985 to 1990.
- All dealt with cases in which there was probable cause for a misdemeanor arrest.
- Studies varied somewhat in police responses used and in consequences of arrest.
- Some studies showed an initial deterrent effect of arrest, but it often faded by the end of one year.
- Omaha, Charlotte, and Milwaukee: arrest was not more effective than other options in reducing recidivism by abusers.
- Metro-Dade and Colorado Springs: arrest had deterrent effects according to victim data but not according to official recidivism data.
- Omaha: issuing a warrant when the offender was absent was a deterrent.
- Some of the studies indicate that arrest was a deterrent only for offenders who were employed.
Criticisms of the studies:
- Some of the studies do not explicitly take into account the context in which arrest takes place.
- Studies were clearly not focused on coordinated criminal justice responses to domestic violence.
- Fail to consider moral issues and message that arrest gives to everyone involved, including children.
- No police intervention has consistently been shown to be more effective than arrest.
|Spouse Assault Replication Program: Studies of Effects of Arrest on Domestic Violence||41.1 KB|