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Invisible Wounds of War: Psychological and cognitive injuries, their consequences and services to assist recovery

General Material
Published Date
January, 2008

This report highlights the psychological toll of deployments involving prolonged exposure to combat-related stress over multiple rotations and how these types of deployments may be disproportionately high compared with the physical injuries of combat.

Since October 2001, approximately 1.64 million U.S. troops have been deployed for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraq Freedom (OEF/OIF) in Afghanistan and Iraq. Early evidence suggests that the psychological toll of these deployments may be disproportionately high compared with the physical injuries of combat. In the face of mounting public concern over post-deployment health care issues confronting OEF/OIF veterans, several task forces, independent review groups, and a Presidential Commission have been convened to examine the care of the war wounded and make recommendations.