"Female journalists are facing a 'relentless' barrage of attacks and harassment, with nearly a third considering leaving the profession as a result, media support organizations have warned.
More than half of women in media have suffered work-related abuse, threats or physical attacks in the past year, found a survey by the International Women's Media Foundation (IWMF) and TrollBusters, which supports reporters being harassed.
'Female journalists are dealing with harassment on a daily basis,' said Elisa Lees Munoz, executive director of the US-based IWMF, which promotes women journalists.
'It is almost generally accepted as part of their everyday work environment.'
The majority of women said their gender was a key reason they had been targeted, in a survey of nearly 600 female journalists in the United States and around the world.
More than half reported they had been threatened or abused in a face-to-face encounter in the course of their work, with over a quarter saying they had been physically attacked.
Nearly two-thirds said they had suffered online harassment or threats, with more than one in ten reporting it happened often or daily."