This section features reports, papers and fact sheets discussing the intersections of gender, violence and disasters. The resources listed below draw attention to the serious impact of disasters on women and their children, highlighting the disproportionate vulnerability of these groups to domestic and sexual violence during major disasters and crisis situations.
“In the US, studies documented a four-fold increase following two disasters and an astounding 98 per cent increase in physical victimisation of women after Hurricane Katrina, with authors concluding there was compelling evidence that intimate partner violence increased following large-scale disasters (Schumacher, et al., 2010). Yet there is a research gap on why this happens, and how increased violence may relate to disaster experiences” (Parkinson and Zara, 2013).
“Following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Lauve-Moon and Ferreira (2016) found that women directly impacted by the event were approximately twice as likely to experience both physical and emotional IPV and women who experienced both emotional and physical IPV were 5 times more likely to report that they rarely or never received the social and emotional support they needed post-disaster” (First, First & Houston, 2017, p. 392).