• Adult Children Exposed to Domestic Violence
  • Runaway & Homeless Youth Toolkit
  • Prevent Intimate Partner Violence
  • Violence Against Women Resource Library
  • Domestic Violence and Housing Technical Assistance Consortium
  • Domestic Violence Awareness Project
  • Building Comprehensive Solutions
  • National Resource Center on Domestic Violence

HIV Among Men who Have Sex with Men (MSM)

While Gay and Bisexual men, often called “men who have sex with men” (MSM) make up approximately 2% of the population, they account for 57% of all HIV cases across race. In 2010, gay and bisexual men accounted for 63% of estimated new HIV infections in the United States and 78% of infections among all newly infected men. From 2008 to 2010, new HIV infections increased 22% among young (aged 13-24) gay and bisexual men and 12% among gay and bisexual men overall (CDC, 2015). There are many different factors contributing to high HIV rates within this population.

Large percentages of MSM living with HIV as a community means a higher risk of contracting the virus. Additionally, many men do not know their status. A study conducted by the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System (NHBS) found that 54% of Black/African American gay and bisexual men knew of their infection, compared with 63% of Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men, and 86% of white gay and bisexual men (CDC, 2015). Social stigma and homophobia also contribute to low testing rates. 

Source: CDC. Estimated HIV incidence among adults and adolescents in the United States, 2007–2010. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2012;17(4). Subpopulations representing 2% or less are not reflected in this chart. Abbreviations: MSM, men who have sex with men; IDU, injection drug user.